On the afternoon of August 4th, a massive explosion tore through the Lebanese capital, Beirut. The effects of the blast, which took place in the country’s largest port facing one of the most densely populated areas, has left the world in shock. More than two hundred people have died and more than five thousand sustained injuries. Thousands of homes are rendered uninhabitable and more than 300,000 people homeless overnight – approximately 100,000 of them being children. Material damages are estimated at nine billion dollars.
Lebanon hosts the largest number of refugees in the world per capita taking in an estimated 1.5 million Syrian refugees. The already vulnerable population of Lebanon will require emergency support to cover basic needs such as shelter and food as well as psychological support.
Prior to the explosion, The World Bank estimated that more than 60% of the Lebanese population was living under the poverty line, while a recent World Food Program-survey showed that one in five Lebanese families skipped meals or went without food for a whole day. Since September 2019, prices for basic items such as food and shelter have soared by 169%, while unemployment has risen up to 45%.
On top of this economic crisis, Lebanon is facing a second wave of COVID-19. Over the past weeks, the number of COVID cases has grown exponentially. The pandemic was already expected to overwhelm the health sector that is now severely damaged and managing the needs of thousands of injured due the explosion.
Many households and businesses are damaged, and the impact of the explosion will have a significant impact on the wellbeing of many in Lebanon. This will be most acutely felt by the most vulnerable groups, for whom the protection risks in Lebanon were already severe.
We expect that there will be a significant population in need of support to cover their basic needs in the immediate term and the restoration of their livelihoods in a recovery phase. Lebanon is a small country with a population around 6,8 million, so the situation in Beirut will a huge impact on the rest of country. The explosion coupled with COVID-19 and the economic collapse of the country will worsen the already precarious environment for refugees and vulnerable Lebanese also in other parts of Lebanon.
DRC, together with partners and thanks to the rapid support from DANIDA who contributed with 2.8 million DKK, is supporting or planning to support the impacted population with the following initiatives:
DRC has been delivering humanitarian programming in response to various crises in Lebanon since 2004, working with Palestinian, Iraqi, and Syrian refugees, as well as internally displaced Lebanese affected by the 2006 war, migrant domestic workers, and vulnerable Lebanese host communities. Since 2011, DRC has focused primarily on responding to the Syrian refugee crisis.
Today, Lebanon hosts the highest number of refugees per capita of any country in the world. A full quarter of the country’s population is comprised of refugees, with an estimated 1.5 million (both registered and unregistered) Syrian refugees living in the country together with nearly 0.5 million Palestine refugees. Needless to say, this has had a profound humanitarian and socio-economic impact on the country and its people and has placed an acute strain on domestic infrastructure and resources.
DRC Lebanon’s primary focus today is to improve the living conditions of displacement-affected populations and contribute to the achievement of durable solutions for them.