Global Framework on Responsibility Sharing for Refugees – What Will It Take?Read speech presented by Andreas Kamm, Secretary General at the Danish Refugee Council at today's side event on Responsibility Sharing at the World Humanitarian Summit.
This is an extract of the speech. Download the full speech below
We have a challenge before us – a global one.
The scope, nature and complexity of displacement today challenge us all more than ever.
- We have more than 60 million refugees and internally displaced persons worldwide – and on top of that millions of people displaced due to other reasons.
- We have displacement situations that are increasingly protracted in nature; and
- We are confronted with root causes and drivers of displacement that are diverse, will take years to address and include poverty, scarcity of resources, climate change, population growth and what I call the DNA of conflicts, resulting in numerous lasting and unresolved conflicts and new conflicts erupting.
I have three observations in my intervention.
Faced with the scope and complexity of displacement today, we see and take note of a huge imbalance between the protection and assistance needs of displaced persons on the one hand and the capacity and, I will argue the willingness to assist and respond on the other. This is my first observation.
My second observation is about the erosion of values of humanity and respect for human rights. In the midst of a global displacement crisis, we see lack of compliance with international and regional binding human rights treaties and international humanitarian law. The authority of the UN, including the UN Security Council, is weakened. States in Europe / the EU as well as states outside Europe are running away from their commitments and multilateral structures and forums, such as the UN and EU. States are shying away from binding international and regional rules and collaboration.
My third observation: The refugees and migrants moving towards and within Europe comprise a diverse group with different nationalities (Syrians, Afghans, Iraqis, etc.), status, vulnerabilities and needs. The refugee and migrant situation in Europe is not a local, not even a regional challenge. It is a global challenge and crisis. And a global crisis demands a holistic and global response. It must be a global priority to find solutions.
This is my first recommendation: Sharing responsibility is a must. We need to jointly tackle this global challenge and States need to collaborate and share responsibility in addressing refugee and migrant situations and find solutions. We need a new and comprehensive approach. We need to see the development of a Global Framework on Responsibility Sharing for Refugees – or as the Secretary General calls it a Global Compact on Responsibility Sharing for Refugees.
This is my second recommendation: Three building blocksare required for the Global Framework for Responsibility Sharing for Refugees to succeed.
The Global Responsibility Sharing Framework needs to focus on:
- Long-term solutions
- Joint solutions, and
- Coherent and comprehensive solutions
Finally, we must not forget the large group of individuals and families who are not recognized as refugees. My third and last recommendation is about this large group of rejected asylum seekers and migrants, who are not protected by international refugee instruments. They are, however, human beings and they all have rights – human rights - which must be protected and respected. We welcome UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon’s call for a Global Compact for Safe, Regular and Orderly Migration.