Pursuing a Solutions Framework for Displacement Affected Communities

Globally, more and more people are being displaced with little prospects for achieving solutions. The Danish Refugee Council (DRC) has contributed to the development of a solutions framework as a tool for measuring to what extent displacement affected populations have achieved solutions.


The Framework is currently being used in the Horn of Africa region, by both humanitarian and development actors, to work more effectively and consistently in the search and realization of solutions for displacement affected communities.

In Somalia, the framework has been adopted by both the Regional Durable Solutions Secretariat (ReDSS) and the Somalia’s UN Resident Coordinator’s Office (RCO) as a planning and evidence-base tool in the current context of the Somali returns and (re)integration process. ReDSS commissioned an area based joint solutions analysis focusing on Lower Juba in Somalia in order to better and more consistently operationalise (re)integration plans for the Somali returnees coming from Kenya. A key outcome of this analysis has been the development of a solutions analysis for Lower Juba that would inform multi-sectoral rights and needs-based plans and programmes for the actors in Somalia.

The initiation of this area based joint solutions analysis has enabled a greater participatory and consensus building approach between the humanitarian and development actors in Somalia. An aspect which is very critical since the process of facilitating solutions for displacement affected communities must be viewed as a collective action rather than mandate driven. Additionally other donors such as DFID and DANIDA have shown great commitment towards funding the development of the “solutions districts” analysis. This will certainly help to improve joint planning and coordination around solutions between humanitarian and development actors in Somalia.

The process of conducting this area based joint solutions analysis in Somalia is critical to inform safe and dignified (re)integration modalities especially in regards to addressing limited absorption capacity, limited access to basic services, livelihood opportunities as well as prevailing protection concerns in return areas within Jubaland. This process has enabled broad consultations with NGOs, clusters, humanitarian and development donors as well as the UN agencies and the Somalia’s federal government and local authorities,” says Aude Galli, ReDSS Coordinator.

In Uganda, a solutions framework has also been developed and is helping the relevant stakeholders to plan and infuse a solutions lens in their programming.

We find this framework quite useful and timely. It has afforded us a snap shot of the state of play of solutions in Uganda and especially the extent to which local integration for refugees in Uganda has been achieved,” says Lilu Thapa, DRC Uganda Country Director.

DRC and ReDSS plan to continue the piloting process of this Solutions Framework to Ethiopia and Tanzania considering the displacement context in the respective countries.

Read the report here

Click here to see an example of the solutions framework