Mexico

Country Facts

DRC present since:

2020

Staff on location:

28

Displaced population:

357,000

Displacement Situation 

Due to its location between Central America and the United States, Mexico has become a country of transit and of destination. Most refugees and migrants arrive at the southern border to Mexico, coming from Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Guatemala, Haiti, Venezuela, and from African countries. Deteriorating conditions and widespread violence are increasingly forcing people to flee their country of origin.  

Many transit through Mexico with the goal of reaching the border to the United States, while others apply for asylum inside the country. Migrants and refugees mostly live in temporary shelters and settlements where they are exposed to protection risks and largely lack access to basic needs. At the border to the United States, a lack of information and assistance, combined with systematic restrictions on access to the territory, incites many migrants and refugees to choose options to cross the border irregularly. This makes them particularly vulnerable to abusive smuggling practices, exploitation and false information.  

Mexico has also been witnessing internal displacement affecting many parts of the country, including the region between Chihuahua, Sinaloa and Durango. The so called “Golden Triangle” is marked by the presence of drug cartels, cultivation and trade of drugs and organized crime. The constant risk of violence, insecurity and land grabbing forces many to flee and become internally displaced.  

DRC Response 

DRC Mexico is implementing humanitarian interventions directly, and alongside local partners to strengthen existing protection and humanitarian assistance programming. Protection activities are focused on the southern Mexican border in Tapachula, a central point of arrival for refugees and other mixed migrants and in Ciudad Juarez along the U.S.-Mexico border to attend to the documented humanitarian needs of the people who are unable to access U.S. territory. In 2022, the response was extended to internally displaced persons in Culiacan and Chihuahua City.  

Activities are primarily in the protection sector (protection monitoring, individual assistance, information and legal counselling) and Multi-Purpose Cash Assistance (MPCA). For internally displaced persons, emergency assistance is also provided just after displacement (distribution of hygiene and food kits and emergency accommodation for the most vulnerable households).

Factsheet Mexico

Dashboard about the current situation in Mexico

Kavita Kapur

Protection Coordinator for DRC Mexico

[email protected]