Myanmar

Scanpix / Cathal McNaughton

Country Facts

DRC present since

2009

DRC staff

400

People in need

14,000,000

Displacement Situation

Humanitarian needs in Myanmar are characterised by a complex situation of vulnerability to multiple and interlinked factors. These include protection risks, food insecurity, armed conflict, intercommunal tensions, ethnic discrimination, effects of climate change, natural disasters, displacement, restrictions on freedom of movement, and Unexploded Ordnance (UXO) risks. Other underlying and more deeply rooted causes relate to entrenched ethnic discrimination and systemic rights violations as well as widespread unemployment and struggles for resources. Myanmar furthermore is challenged with aspects of governance, rule of law, and political instability.

During 2021 and into 2022, political developments and renewed instability have substantially deteriorated the human rights and protection landscape in Myanmar. Conflict between armed forces continue to escalate and erupt across the country, with the population experiencing a growing presence of armed actors reducing the protective environment for civilians.

As of April 2022 , more than 907,500 people in Myanmar are internally displaced (UNHCR), including 560,900 people newly displaced since February 2021, when the military seized power.

In Myanmar’s Kachin and Shan States, the security situation remains tense and fighting frequently erupts across townships. This is causing further protracted displacementcompared to the shorter-term displacement experienced previously.   

Decades of conflict compounded by new instability and crisis in the wake of February 2021 events when the military seized power, has exacerbated humanitarian needs, leading to a paralysis of the economy not least due to the lack of trade, ongoing violence, and severe limitations on banking systems. The economic crisis has significant implications on the food security across the country and has negatively impacted the income of crisis-affected households who were already strained by effects of Covid-19.

In 2022, the United Nations estimates that 779,000 people in conflict-affected areas in Myanmar are vulnerable to severe food insecurity. The cost of basic commodities has increased, largely due to increased fuel prices, deteriorating exchange rates, closed borders and import restrictions.

The pursuit of durable solutions requires participatory political processes within Myanmar and in Bangladesh where more than one million Rohingya are hosted as refugees after they fled violence in 2017 in Rakhine State from where they origin . Rohingya remaining in Rakhine continue to face deprivation of their rights and have little or no access to education and other public services to a large extent due to the fact that they are not registered as citizens of Myanmar. The Rohingya are to this day, the world’s largest group of stateless people. The ongoing conflict between the Arakan Army rooted in Rakhine State and the Myanmar military continues to fuel intense levels of conflicts and cause high levels of internal displacement in Rakhine.

DRC Response

The work of DRC in Myanmar is anchored in an approach  that offers support across communities in urban, rural and isolated areas  in Rakhine, Kachin and northern Shan  – three of the seven states in Myanmar. DRC implements both directly and increasingly via local partners in response to pre-existing access constraints, and Covid-19 restrictions.

In 2021, DRC and local partners reached 256,000 displacement-affected men, women and children impacted by conflict and effects of Covid-19 with  a range of life-saving interventions.

Focus is on responding to the immediate needs of internally displaced people (IDPs) and the communities hosting them, as well as building their resilience to shocks and stresses in the longer term, in line with the 2022 Humanitarian Response Plan.

The number of people in need of assistance has risen exponentially in 2022 due to the economic impact and deterioration of the protection environment following the military seizure of power and subsequent unrest.

In January and February 2022, DRC reached 76,000 people through multi-sector response in Rakhine, Kachin and Northern Shan states. Efforts are made to further scale up and scale out responses to address the rapidly growing crisis in Myanmar through the following core DRC sectors:

  • Protection
  • Economic Recovery
  • Shelter and Settlements
  • Camp Coordination and Camp Management
  • Humanitarian Disarmament & Peacebuilding
  • Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH)

Funding

DRC is grateful to all donors for generous support and continued commitment to our work in Myanmar:
Australian Government · Danida · ECHO · GIZ · MHF ·  SDC · SIDA · UNFPA · UNHCR · UNICEF · USAID-BHA

Contact

Gerry Garvey

Executive Director Asia and Europe

[email protected]
Picture Mikkel

Mikkel Trolle

Regional Director (Asia)

+45 33735019 [email protected]

Martin Vane

Country Director

[email protected]

Myanmar Feedback and Inputs

Downloads

Features

Myanmar: New waves of displacement in Kachin State

Myanmar: New waves of displacement in Kachin State

Active fighting continues to erupt between belligerent forces in Kachin State in northern Myanmar. Thousands of people here are regularly displaced due to conflict and often in protracted periods of time.

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Myanmar: COVID-19 and hygiene awareness in remote areas

Myanmar: COVID-19 and hygiene awareness in remote areas

DRC’s Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) programmes in Myanmar’s Rakhine State target camps for internally displaced people to help reduce disease transmission and build resilience to cope with health risks.

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Myanmar lockdown: Aid trapped in the middle

Myanmar lockdown: Aid trapped in the middle

While the number of Covid-19 cases are on the rise and medical capacity often fail to respond, humanitarian needs are soaring. Aid is there, but delivery is stuck. A nationwide curfew keeps all at home and prevents DRC and fellow NGOs from reaching desperate people waiting for help.

Read more

Snapshots

New displacement during COVID-19

Despite calls for a global ceasefire amidst the COVID-19 pandemic to alleviate suffering and economic and social hardships, conflicts in Myanmar’s Northern Shan and Rakhine States have escalated since March. Thousands of civilians continue to displace and re-displace in search of safe havens, food, water and medication. Many rural communities and small villages are isolated and far from international aid and protection. DRC is working on the ground, including with local partners, to strengthen our response and find new ways to reach people in need and to alleviate the suffering in conflict-affected areas of Myanmar. We continue to see new needs for emergency aid and work to provide means and support to help people recover and cope with crisis. Today, 10 December 2020, on this year's International Human Rights Day, DRC Myanmar salutes all partners, donors and other actors who help us help people in need in Myanmar.

New displacement during COVID-19

Despite calls for a global ceasefire amidst the COVID-19 pandemic to alleviate suffering and economic and social hardships, conflicts in Myanmar’s Northern Shan and Rakhine States have escalated since March. Thousands of civilians continue to displace and re-displace in search of safe havens, food, water and medication. Many rural communities and small villages are isolated and far from international aid and protection. DRC is working on the ground, including with local partners, to strengthen our response and find new ways to reach people in need and to alleviate the suffering in conflict-affected areas of Myanmar. We continue to see new needs for emergency aid and work to provide means and support to help people recover and cope with crisis. Today, 10 December 2020, on this year's International Human Rights Day, DRC Myanmar salutes all partners, donors and other actors who help us help people in need in Myanmar.

Macadam Road Construction In Pin Lin Pyin Village
ADSP Newsletter Q4 2020

'2020 will be remembered as a year of change and adaptation. The COVID-19 pandemic has forced changes in the way we interact with our fellow human being, across communities, and across borders. Life as we knew it seems gone!' - writes DRC Asia's Regional Director as he welcomes 2021. Read this and more from ADSP in this year's last newsletter: 1) A year of change and adaptation – seasonal greetings from the Danish Refugee Council’s Regional Director, Mikkel Trolle 2) Dreams and Hopes: Access to Education for Afghan Refugee Children Amidst COVID-19 in Balochistan – by ADSP 3) Will the Afghanistan Conference Deliver for Afghan Refugees? - by ADSP Coordinator, Evan Jones 4) Noise pollution: Consequences of living close to an airport on Afghan & Pakistani children’s hearing loss and education performance - by ADSP 5) Surviving Fear and Uncertainty: Rohingya Refugees in Malaysia - by Mixed Migration Researcher at MMC Asia, Hanh Nguyen Link: https://adsp.ngo/publications/newsletters/adsp-newsletter-q4-2020/

ADSP Newsletter Q4 2020

'2020 will be remembered as a year of change and adaptation. The COVID-19 pandemic has forced changes in the way we interact with our fellow human being, across communities, and across borders. Life as we knew it seems gone!' - writes DRC Asia's Regional Director as he welcomes 2021. Read this and more from ADSP in this year's last newsletter: 1) A year of change and adaptation – seasonal greetings from the Danish Refugee Council’s Regional Director, Mikkel Trolle 2) Dreams and Hopes: Access to Education for Afghan Refugee Children Amidst COVID-19 in Balochistan – by ADSP 3) Will the Afghanistan Conference Deliver for Afghan Refugees? - by ADSP Coordinator, Evan Jones 4) Noise pollution: Consequences of living close to an airport on Afghan & Pakistani children’s hearing loss and education performance - by ADSP 5) Surviving Fear and Uncertainty: Rohingya Refugees in Malaysia - by Mixed Migration Researcher at MMC Asia, Hanh Nguyen Link: https://adsp.ngo/publications/newsletters/adsp-newsletter-q4-2020/

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Child Protection in Myanmar

DRC’s Child Protection Team in Myanmar has contributed to the online course developed by The Alliance for Child Protection in Humanitarian Action. DRC’s Child Protection Manager Nicholas Millet discusses the adaptations that our case management team made over the past year in identification and referrals during the COVID-19 pandemic. We hope that this contribution will be used to support the sector in responding to the current context created by the pandemic and future infectious disease outbreaks. The contribution can be found by signing up for the course and selecting Week 4, Module 4.11. Sign up here: https://www.futurelearn.com/courses/protecting-children-during-covid-19

Child Protection in Myanmar

DRC’s Child Protection Team in Myanmar has contributed to the online course developed by The Alliance for Child Protection in Humanitarian Action. DRC’s Child Protection Manager Nicholas Millet discusses the adaptations that our case management team made over the past year in identification and referrals during the COVID-19 pandemic. We hope that this contribution will be used to support the sector in responding to the current context created by the pandemic and future infectious disease outbreaks. The contribution can be found by signing up for the course and selecting Week 4, Module 4.11. Sign up here: https://www.futurelearn.com/courses/protecting-children-during-covid-19

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