Myanmar

Scanpix / Cathal McNaughton

Country Facts

DRC present since

2009

DRC staff

400

People in need (Source: Humanitarian Response Plan 2021)

1,000,000

Displacement Situation

Humanitarian needs in Myanmar are characterised by a complex situation of vulnerability to protection risks, food insecurity, armed conflict, intercommunal tensions, ethnic discrimination, effects of climate change, natural disasters, displacement, restrictions on freedom of movement, and Unexploded Ordnance (UXO) risks. Underlying and deeply rooted causes include entrenched ethnic discrimination and systemic rights violations, widespread unemployment, struggles for resources, as well as weak governance and rule of law, and political instability.

As of 2021, more than 370,000 people in Myanmar are internally displaced (UNHCR). The majority are in situations of protracted displacement in Rakhine, Kachin and Shan states due to intense fighting between ethnic armed groups, militias and the Myanmar military. UNHCR estimates that more than 206,000 people have been internally displaced since the military seizure of power on 1 February 2021.

Decades of conflict compounded by new instability and crisis in the wake of military seizing power has exacerbated humanitarian needs, leading to a paralysis of the economy due to the lack of trade, ongoing violence, and severe limitations on banking systems. The economic impact has significant implications on the food security and income of crisis-affected households who were already strained by Covid-19. During 2021, political developments and renewed instability have substantially deteriorated the human rights and protection landscape in Myanmar. Conflict between armed forces continue to escalate and erupt across the country, with the population experiencing a growing presence of armed actors reducing the protective environment for civilians.

The pursuit of durable solutions requires participatory political processes within Myanmar and in Bangladesh where more than one million Rohingya are hosted as refugees after they fled campaigns in 2017 by the Myanmar military. Rohingya remaining in Rakhine continue to face severe deprivation of their rights and confinement into congested camps. In 2019, the escalation of conflict between the Arakan Army and Myanmar military and continuous intense levels of conflicts into 2020 and 2021 led to high levels of displacement.

DRC Response

The work of DRC is anchored in a solid operation and presence that offers support across communities in both urban, rural and isolated communities in Myanmar’s Rakhine, Kachin and northern Shan states. DRC continues to operate into 2021, building on existing frameworks for remote management developed in response to pre-existing access constraints, and COVID-19 restrictions.

Focus is on responding to the immediate needs of IDPs and the communities hosting them, as well as building their resilience to shocks and stresses in the longer term. Over the course of 2020 alone, DRC and local partners reached over 125,000 displacement-affected men, women and children impacted by COVID-19 through humanitarian assistance and a range of life-saving interventions. The pandemic has exacerbated humanitarian needs for support with over one million persons identified as in need of urgent assistance (OCHA, HRP 2021). This figure is rapidly increasing due to the economic impact of events following military seizure of power and subsequent unrest since February 2021. In the first half of 2021 alone, DRC has reached over 175,000 displacement-affected men, women and children through humanitarian assistance and a variety of life-saving interventions.

DRC in Myanmar supports conflict- and displacement-affected communities through sectoral interventions:

  • Protection
  • Economic Recovery
  • Shelter and Settlements
  • Camp Coordination and Camp Management
  • Humanitarian Disarmament & Peacebuilding
  • Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH)

Funding

DRC is grateful to all donors for generous support and continued commitment to our work in Myanmar:
Danida · DFAT · ECHO · EU DEVCO · GIZ · MHF ·  SDC · SIDA · UNFPA · UNHCR · UNICEF · USAID-BHA

Contact

Picture Mikkel

Mikkel Trolle

Regional Director (Asia)

+45 33735019 [email protected]

Martin Vane

Country Director

[email protected]

Downloads

2020 Rohingya Conference (22 OCT 2020)

Features

Myanmar lockdown: Aid trapped in the middle

Myanmar lockdown: Aid trapped in the middle

While the number of Covid-19 cases are on the rise and medical capacity often fail to respond, humanitarian needs are soaring. Aid is there, but delivery is stuck. A nationwide curfew keeps all at home and prevents DRC and fellow NGOs from reaching desperate people waiting for help.

Read more

Snapshots

New displacement during COVID-19

Despite calls for a global ceasefire amidst the COVID-19 pandemic to alleviate suffering and economic and social hardships, conflicts in Myanmar’s Northern Shan and Rakhine States have escalated since March. Thousands of civilians continue to displace and re-displace in search of safe havens, food, water and medication. Many rural communities and small villages are isolated and far from international aid and protection. DRC is working on the ground, including with local partners, to strengthen our response and find new ways to reach people in need and to alleviate the suffering in conflict-affected areas of Myanmar. We continue to see new needs for emergency aid and work to provide means and support to help people recover and cope with crisis. Today, 10 December 2020, on this year's International Human Rights Day, DRC Myanmar salutes all partners, donors and other actors who help us help people in need in Myanmar.

New displacement during COVID-19

Despite calls for a global ceasefire amidst the COVID-19 pandemic to alleviate suffering and economic and social hardships, conflicts in Myanmar’s Northern Shan and Rakhine States have escalated since March. Thousands of civilians continue to displace and re-displace in search of safe havens, food, water and medication. Many rural communities and small villages are isolated and far from international aid and protection. DRC is working on the ground, including with local partners, to strengthen our response and find new ways to reach people in need and to alleviate the suffering in conflict-affected areas of Myanmar. We continue to see new needs for emergency aid and work to provide means and support to help people recover and cope with crisis. Today, 10 December 2020, on this year's International Human Rights Day, DRC Myanmar salutes all partners, donors and other actors who help us help people in need in Myanmar.

Macadam Road Construction In Pin Lin Pyin Village
ADSP Newsletter Q4 2020

'2020 will be remembered as a year of change and adaptation. The COVID-19 pandemic has forced changes in the way we interact with our fellow human being, across communities, and across borders. Life as we knew it seems gone!' - writes DRC Asia's Regional Director as he welcomes 2021. Read this and more from ADSP in this year's last newsletter: 1) A year of change and adaptation – seasonal greetings from the Danish Refugee Council’s Regional Director, Mikkel Trolle 2) Dreams and Hopes: Access to Education for Afghan Refugee Children Amidst COVID-19 in Balochistan – by ADSP 3) Will the Afghanistan Conference Deliver for Afghan Refugees? - by ADSP Coordinator, Evan Jones 4) Noise pollution: Consequences of living close to an airport on Afghan & Pakistani children’s hearing loss and education performance - by ADSP 5) Surviving Fear and Uncertainty: Rohingya Refugees in Malaysia - by Mixed Migration Researcher at MMC Asia, Hanh Nguyen Link: https://adsp.ngo/publications/newsletters/adsp-newsletter-q4-2020/

ADSP Newsletter Q4 2020

'2020 will be remembered as a year of change and adaptation. The COVID-19 pandemic has forced changes in the way we interact with our fellow human being, across communities, and across borders. Life as we knew it seems gone!' - writes DRC Asia's Regional Director as he welcomes 2021. Read this and more from ADSP in this year's last newsletter: 1) A year of change and adaptation – seasonal greetings from the Danish Refugee Council’s Regional Director, Mikkel Trolle 2) Dreams and Hopes: Access to Education for Afghan Refugee Children Amidst COVID-19 in Balochistan – by ADSP 3) Will the Afghanistan Conference Deliver for Afghan Refugees? - by ADSP Coordinator, Evan Jones 4) Noise pollution: Consequences of living close to an airport on Afghan & Pakistani children’s hearing loss and education performance - by ADSP 5) Surviving Fear and Uncertainty: Rohingya Refugees in Malaysia - by Mixed Migration Researcher at MMC Asia, Hanh Nguyen Link: https://adsp.ngo/publications/newsletters/adsp-newsletter-q4-2020/

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Child Protection in Myanmar

DRC’s Child Protection Team in Myanmar has contributed to the online course developed by The Alliance for Child Protection in Humanitarian Action. DRC’s Child Protection Manager Nicholas Millet discusses the adaptations that our case management team made over the past year in identification and referrals during the COVID-19 pandemic. We hope that this contribution will be used to support the sector in responding to the current context created by the pandemic and future infectious disease outbreaks. The contribution can be found by signing up for the course and selecting Week 4, Module 4.11. Sign up here: https://www.futurelearn.com/courses/protecting-children-during-covid-19

Child Protection in Myanmar

DRC’s Child Protection Team in Myanmar has contributed to the online course developed by The Alliance for Child Protection in Humanitarian Action. DRC’s Child Protection Manager Nicholas Millet discusses the adaptations that our case management team made over the past year in identification and referrals during the COVID-19 pandemic. We hope that this contribution will be used to support the sector in responding to the current context created by the pandemic and future infectious disease outbreaks. The contribution can be found by signing up for the course and selecting Week 4, Module 4.11. Sign up here: https://www.futurelearn.com/courses/protecting-children-during-covid-19

Project: EU PHASE IN