Democratic Republic of Congo

Shutterstock / Heathcliff O'Malley

Country Facts

DRC present since:


Staff on location:


People affected:


DR Congo is home to one of the largest IDP population in the world, reaching over 5.5 million people in 2021, almost exclusively displaced by conflict and violence. The eastern provinces of Ituri and North Kivu are the most affected due to continued clashes between the Forces Armées de la République Démocratique du Congo (FARDC, government forces) – backed up by MONUSCO – and non-state armed groups. The two provinces have been under a state of siege since 6 May 2021 in an effort to restore peace and security.

The Congo Development Cooperative (CODECO) in Ituri and Allied Democratic Forces (ADF) in North Kivu perpetrate regular, increasingly deadly and indiscriminate attacks against civilians – including IDP camps and humanitarian actors – and the military. During the first half of 2021, the attacks led to 316,000 new displacements in Ituri and 265,000 in North Kivu, including some secondary displacements.

Most IDPs live with and rely on the hospitality of host communities, which themselves face a number of challenges. The lack of adequate shelter and water and sanitation facilities, combined with the loss of livelihoods exposes IDPs to an array of protection risks including sexual exploitation, gender-based violence, abductions and killings.

Despite its fertile land, DR Congo is now “home to the highest number of people in the world who are in need of food security assistance” according to the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) and the World Food Programme (WFP). The presence of armed groups prevents farmers from accessing their fields and crops, and one in three people in the country face food insecurity.

591,000 people were affected by the evacuation order that followed the eruption of Mount Nyiragongo, DR Congo, on 22 May 2021. In addition to displacement, the eruption caused significant damage to houses, schools, health structures, roads, as well as to water and electricity supply systems.

DRC is present in Ituri, North Kivu and Haut Uélé, implementing an integrated emergency response focusing on hard-to-reach areas and set-up to respond to the CODECO and ADF crises while building social cohesion.



James Curtis

Executive Director East Africa & Great Lakes

[email protected]
Martine Congo

Martine Villeneuve

Country Director

[email protected]