Country Facts

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Conflicts, recurrent drought, flooding, and the recent desert locust infestation are all drivers of humanitarian needs in Ethiopia, including rapidly increasing rates of food insecurity. Nearly all regions are experiencing some form of conflict, intercommunal tension or violence due to competing claims over resources, land rights, administrative boundaries and political and ethnic clashes, with hotspots in Benishangul Gumuz, northern Ethiopia, and Oromia.

There were over 4.2 million IDPs across the country as of December 2021 – double the figure recorded at the end of 2020. Many have faced multiple displacements and host communities are bearing the brunt of any response, largely due to access issues.

The country has been a major departure, transit and destination country for mixed migration flows on the Eastern route. Over 70,000 forced returns from Saudi Arabia were recorded in 2021 due to an increased number of stranded migrants during the Covid-19 pandemic. The majority of them are not in a position to safely reach their area of origin in Tigray and Amhara and become stranded in Addis Ababa. DRC in partnership with Government of Ethiopia, provide services to returnees.

DRC responds to the needs of refugees and IDPs with a combination of protection assistance and multi-sector interventions tailored to local needs, including social cohesion programming and livelihoods. DRC supports refugees arriving in Gambella, Shire, and Dimma with shelter provision, protection services, and water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH). In the Somali region, people of concern receive lifesaving protection services, multi-purpose cash aid, non-food items (NFIs) and WASH programming. DRC also supports access to justice and durable solutions in partnership with the regional government.



James Curtis

Executive Director East Africa & Great Lakes

[email protected]

Sue Clarke

Country Director

[email protected]