Country Facts

DRC present since:


Staff on location:


Displaced population:


Kenya hosts a population of 540,068 refugees and asylum seekers, predominantly of Somali and South Sudanese origin. The vast majority reside in Dadaab, Kakuma and Kalobeyei refugee camps, but almost 84,000 are estimated to live in Nairobi.

In March 2021, the Government of Kenya expressed its intention to close all refugee camps and to repatriate the majority of refugees. While previous similar announcements had been successfully challenged in Kenya’s High Court, a ‘stay’ on the current camp closure was announced in April 2021. Returns, however, have to be voluntary and the continued widespread instability across Somalia has prevented significant numbers of refugees from returning home.

Kenya’s Refugee Bill was signed into law in November 2021, providing a progressing framework that will give refugees new economic integration and self-reliance opportunities.

DRC is present in Garissa (Dadaab & Garissa), Turkana West (Kakuma, Kalobeyei & Lodwar), Nairobi and Mandera counties. In Dadaab, DRC implements livelihoods, voluntary repatriation and gender-based violence (GBV) programming in all three camps, as well as livelihoods programming in five refugee-hosting communities since 2013. In Turkana West, DRC implements GBV, child protection, livelihoods and social cohesion activities in Kakuma camp and Kalobeyei integrated settlement. DRC is also the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, or intersex (LGBTI+) refugee lead. The Nairobi urban programme implements protection and livelihoods activities while serving as an innovation hub.


James Curtis

Executive Director East Africa & Great Lakes

[email protected]

Simon Nzioka

Country Director

[email protected]