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South Sudan is the largest refugee crisis in Africa, with over 2.3 million refugees and asylum seekers hosted in Uganda, Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya and, to a lesser extent, DR Congo. While the political situation has improved, most do not consider it safe enough to return in larger numbers.
After years of conflict and a surge in sub-national violence, 2 million people are internally displaced. Sub-national violence Western Equatoria alone displaced more than 80,000 people during the second half of 2021. IDPs and people of concern face plethora protection concerns, including high-levels of gender-based violence and human rights violations.
Widespread flooding in areas along the Nile and Loi rivers was exacerbated by standing water from major floods in the previous two years and has severely affected displacement and people of concern’s access to livelihoods. Jonglei, Unity and Upper Nile states are the worst affected. 854,000 people were affected by floods between May and November 2021, including in hotspots such as Bentiu, where IDP camps are at risk of being submerged. The floods also make humanitarian access to people of concern much more challenging.
South Sudan faces alarming levels of food insecurity affecting 60 percent of its population – the worst food security crisis since the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) begun to be applied in the country. 2.4 million people were in IPC4 in October 2021, and 108,000 people were in IPC5 in Pibor.
In addition, South Sudan is a challenging environment for humanitarian actors, with no less than 174 incidents reported during the third quarter of 2021, including violence, roadside attacks and detentions. This impacts the humanitarian space and ability to operate in an unimpeded manner.
DRC South Sudan’s response focuses on meeting people of concern’s most urgent needs through the provision protection prevention and response services, shelter and NFIs, but also food security programming and CCCM. DRC’s Mobile Response Teams (MRT) provide lifesaving, multi-sectorial protection, including WASH, CCCM, shelter and NFIs in hard-to-reach areas across the country. DRC also supports humanitarian disarmament and peacebuilding through land clearance, risk-awareness messaging, community liaison activities and conflict sensitive governance. DRC is the social cohesion lead for the Complementary Action for Resilience Building (CARB) consortium.;