Tanzania and Burundi

Country Facts

DRC present since:


Staff on location:


People affected:


With a refugee population of 246,494 people at the end of 2021, Tanzania is an important refugee-hosting country on the Great Lakes axis. Almost 126,000 refugees originate from Burundi and have been in Tanzania for several decades. 137,055 individuals have been voluntarily repatriated to Burundi since September 2017 under the Tripartite Agreement signed by the governments of the two countries and UNHCR, including 29,177 in 2021 – a slight decrease compared to 2020. In Burundi, the return and reintegration of refugees presents a number of challenges related to access to basic services, including food, healthcare, education, housing, land and property (HLP) and access to livelihoods.

Mtendeli, one of the three designated refugee camps in the Western Tanzania-Kigoma region, closed on 6 December 2021 and over 21,000 refugees and asylum seekers were relocated to Nduta refugee camp. There are limited opportunities for self-reliance and livelihoods for refugees, and women and girls face protection risks.

Burundi faces frequent extreme weather events including floods and landslides, which triggers about 80 percent of the country’s internal displacement.

DRC Tanzania delivers integrated multi-sectoral assistance combining CCCM, livelihood programming, individual and community-based protection, general food distribution, as well environmental preservation and regeneration. In Burundi, DRC supports returnees in their reintegration efforts through the provision of protection-focused services in transit centers and areas of return. DRC also implements livelihoods, food security and climate resilience projects through agroecological-based resilience design in ecologically degraded zones of Burundi.



James Curtis

Executive Director East Africa & Great Lakes

[email protected]

Stephan Deutekom

Country Director

[email protected]