Kosovo

Country Facts

DRC present since:

1998

Staff on location:

154

Displaced population:

16,486

Displacement Situation 

The former state of Yugoslavia, which emerged in the aftermath of World War I, was made up of six federal republics: Slovenia, Croatia, Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, and Macedonia. Following the death of long-term leader Josip Broz Tito in 1980, the country slipped into crisis; ethnic tensions and nationalist sentiments surged. War eventually broke out in 1991 and lasted until 2001. The conflict is often described as Europe's deadliest since World War II, and thousands of people were forced from their homes, fleeing crimes against humanity including rape and genocide.   

War broke out in Serbia's southern province of Kosovo in 1998, between ethnic Albanian rebels seeking independence and Serbia's armed forces. The fighting ended in 1999 after an 11-week NATO-led bombing campaign, by which time about 13,000 people had been killed and hundreds of thousands had fled their homes. Kosovo declared independence in 2008. 

DRC Response 

DRC’s assistance in Kosovo was initially focused on emergency response, but this soon expanded to include logistics support, transport, shelter, and reconstruction activities, as well as income generating activities and social rehabilitation of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs), returnees, and affected populations.  

In line with its strategic priorities, DRC’s activities in Kosovo focus on developing sustainable solutions for displaced and conflict-affected populations, addressing the root causes of that displacement and conflict, and promoting intra-communal reconciliation. DRC seeks to support social and economic reintegration and development through working to improve living conditions and opportunities for both returnee and host communities. 

DRC also works to strengthen partnerships with local NGOs and civil society organizations to ensure adequate support for beneficiaries, as well as building capacity with local authorities to enhance the civil registry process in Kosovo. 

Contact

Claus Larsen

Regional Director

[email protected]