Iraq

Country Facts

DRC present since:

2003

Staff on location:

582

Displaced population:

5,620,000

Displacement Situation

In 2003, shortly after the start of foreign military operations in Iraq, DRC became one of the first organisations on the ground providing humanitarian assistance in the country. Today, 4.1 million people in Iraq remain in need of humanitarian assistance, and 1.4 million are internally displaced. Meanwhile, one in ten of the four million Iraqis who have returned to their areas of origin remain in locations where living conditions are not considered to be adequate, dignified, and safe.  

Since 2018, there has been a steady reduction in new displacements, and the number of people returning to their areas of origin now exceeds the number of new displacements for the first time since 2014. Following these positive developments, DRC’s operations have shifted to encompass early recovery initiatives as well as emergency response. Nonetheless, the situation in Iraq remains fluid and critically fragile. 

DRC Response 

Today, DRC is present in 11 of Iraq’s 19 governorates, assisting Internally Displaced People (IDPs) and returnees across much of the country. DRC has progressively adapted the scope of its response to the changing context in Iraq, moving beyond large-scale, emergency programming in camps in favour of more specialised early recovery activities, while maintaining capacity to address sudden onset crises.  

DRC works to support the safety, dignity, and resilience of conflict- and displacement-affected people in Iraq by providing for critical basic needs as well as developing sustainable long-term solutions for individuals and communities. To meet these goals, DRC’s programming in Iraq focuses on economic recovery initiatives, individual and community protection, Camp Management and Camp Coordination (CCCM), shelter and infrastructure provision, and through the Danish Demining Group (DDG), Humanitarian Mine Action (HMA) and armed violence reduction. 

Contact

Lilu Thapa

Country Director

[email protected]