Country Facts

DRC present since:


Staff on location:


Displaced population:


What we do

Displacement Situation

The humanitarian context in Iraq remains fragile with more than 4.1 million people in need. More than 6 million people were displaced during the conflict against the so-called Islamic State (IS) from 2014 to 2017. Today, 1.2 million remain internally displaced. The conflict has uprooted millions of people, eroded social cohesion, disrupted access to basic services, destroyed livelihoods and led to increased protection risks. The recent rapid closure of IDP camps has also accelerated the need to support both households in their areas of return and the local communities hosting them. Against this backdrop, the COVID-19 pandemic and the drop in oil prices have increased the socioeconomic vulnerabilities across the country. With weak central governance and limited progress towards recovery and development, the situation has become protracted and millions of people across Iraq remain in need of humanitarian assistance.

DRC Response 

In 2003, shortly after the start of foreign military operations in Iraq, DRC became one of the first organisations on the ground providing humanitarian assistance in the country. Today, DRC is present in 10 of Iraq’s 19 governorates, assisting IDPs, returnees and in need host communities. DRC has progressively adapted the scope of its response to the changing context in Iraq, moving beyond large-scale, emergency programming in camps in favour of more specialised early recovery activities, while maintaining capacity to address sudden onset crises.

DRC works to support the safety, dignity, and resilience of conflict- and displacement-affected people in Iraq by providing for critical basic needs as well as developing sustainable long-term solutions for individuals and communities. To meet these goals, DRC’s programming in Iraq focuses on economic recovery initiatives, individual and community protection, Camp Management and Camp Coordination (CCCM), shelter and infrastructure provision and Humanitarian Disarmament and Peacebuilding (HDP).


Lilu Thapa

Executive Director Middle East

[email protected]

Fredrik Pålsson

Country Director

[email protected]