Definitions

 
 

Internally Displaced People

When people flee their homes and cross the international border from their home country into another country or state they automatically become refugees. Yet there are millions of people who have had to leave their homes for many of the same reasons as above, but who never cross the border.

People who are driven from their homes, but remain in their country of origin are known as “internally displaces people” (IDPs). Internally displaced people face the same dangers as refugees with regards to violation of basic human rights, and DRC works for helping and proctecting refugees and IDPs all over the world.

Overview and trends 

Refugees

The Geneva Refugee convention was adopted on 28 of July 1951, in the wake of the World War II where millions of people had to flee their homes and countries. It defines a refugee as someone who:

"…owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, is outside the country of his nationality and is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself of the protection of that country; or who, not having a nationality and being outside the country of his former habitual residence, is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to return to it."

Overview and trends