Central African Republic
The Central African Republic (CAR) protection crisis is one of the worst in the world. Although the peak of extreme violence seems to have ended, there are still localized conflicts arising, especially in the rural areas. In addition the military and social crisis has destroyed the social fabric and the already structurally weak public services have become nonexistent in several areas of the country. The CAR context is specific and independent, meaning that some areas, including Bangui, are relatively stable in comparison to other areas, such as the North Eastern rural zones. In this context, two types of activities are implemented. The first are transitional activities which traditionally support returnees. These types are activities are implemented in more stable areas. The second type of activity is emergency response and/or durable solutions, and is often implemented in volatile areas and in support of IDPs. At the end of September 2016, it was estimated that 18.21% of the 4.6 million people in CAR were considered to be refugees or IDPs.
DRC has been present in CAR since 2007. Initially, activities first began in Paoua in north western Ouham-Pendé and since then, DRC expanded into Ouham and Bamingui-Bangoran prefectures in the northern part of CAR. Despite the volatile situation, DRC remains present in Ouham and Ouham-Pendé which are the two prefectures hardest hit by conflict. In addition, DRC’s country Headquarters is based in Bangui where there are also operational activities.
In CAR, DRC implements protection, social cohesion, emergency mediation and dialogue facilitation at community level, livelihoods, food security, shelter and WASH programmes. One of DRC’s flagship programmes is the “Ligne Verte” in Bangui, a highly innovative and acclaimed protection telephone hotline, with a nationwide coverage, which the population can use if they experience abuses. They can receive support while also providing an overview of violations or human rights abuses.
In rural areas DRC strongly supports food security and livelihoods activities to nearly 100,000 people affected by conflict through distribution of seeds and tools, livestock and through creating income generating activities. DRC is carrying out is protection monitoring activities in the Northern districts and furthermore implements social cohesion activities amongst communities affected by conflict.
DRC is now also working on durable solutions by accompanying the return of IDPs and refugees in stabilised areas, while supporting shelter, sustainable agriculture and the resumption of small businesses and trade. In this complex environment DRC works with different partners to reinforce the resilience capacities of returnees and resident communities.