Central African Republic
The Central African Republic (CAR) has been plagued by recurring armed conflicts for decades. Since December 2013, approximately 25 per cent of CAR's population has been internally displaced by a conflict which has divided the country along ethno-religious lines. At the peak of the unrest in early 2014 more than 930,000 people were displaced. More than half of the population is still in need of humanitarian assistance. Simultaneously, this conflict has had a regional impact with more than 190,000 Central African refugees having fled to Cameroon, Chad, the Congo and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
DRC has been present in CAR since 2007. First in Paoua in the north western Ouham-Pendé district and has since expanded to the Ouham and Bamingui-Bangoran districts in the northern part of CAR. Despite instability, DRC remains present in Ouham and Ouham Pendé, which have been hit hard by the conflict. DRC’s country headquarters is based in Bangui, where they also have activities ongoing.
In CAR, DRC reacted rapidly to the crisis in December 2013 by sending an emergency team on the ground to assist our national programme. DRC conducted critical emergency activities in the capital Bangui and spread emergency coverage to Ouham and Ouham Pendé districts in the far North where DRC runs CAR’s largest IDP site in Batangafo which is now hosting about 35,000 internally displaced persons.
In CAR DRC implements protection, social cohesion, emergency mediation and dialogue facilitation at community level, livelihoods, food security, shelter and WASH programmes. One of DRC’s flagship programmes is the “Ligne Verte”, a highly innovative and acclaimed protection telephone hotline, with a nationwide coverage, which the population can use if they experience abuses. They can receive support while also providing an overview of violations or human rights abuses.
Education is an integral part of DRC’s effort. Many schools in the country are closed, have been destroyed or are being occupied either by internally displaced persons or armed groups. There is currently a dramatic lack of a functioning and present education authority across the majority of the country. By assisting the children who are not receiving a formal education DRC is providing emergency education and also contributes to reintegration of children associated with armed groups in the Ouham and Bamingui Bangoran districts.
In rural areas DRC strongly supports food security and livelihoods activities to nearly 100,000 people affected by conflict through distribution of seeds and tools, livestock and through creating income generating activities. DRC is carrying out is protection monitoring activities in the Northern districts and furthermore implements social cohesion activities amongst communities affected by conflict.
DRC is now also working on durable solutions by accompanying the return of IDPs and refugees in stablised areas, while supporting shelter, sustainable agriculture and the resumption of small businesses and trade. In this complex environment DRC works with different partners to reinforce the resilience capacities of returnees and resident communities.