Democratic Republic of Congo
The Danish Refugee Council (DRC) started its operation in DR Congo in 2009. Currently, the DRC programme is focusing on the Eastern part of the country, in the North Kivu Province where the number of internally displaced persons is estimated at 1.7million. The province of North Kivu alone accounts for 40% of the displaced population in the DR Congo. The largest cause of displacement is conflict and armed attacks, which is responsible for approximately 94% of internal displacements.
DRC delivers different types of assistance as the needs are different from one area to another. However, past and present activities in the DR Congo focus on emergency assistance in favour of the many internally displaced persons who need food, clean water, blankets, clothes, hygiene products and other basic aid, as well as activities focused on protection, education, stabilisation and reconstruction.
Emergency Aid and Protection in North Kivu
In early 2013 DRC opened a new country office in Goma which is the capital of North Kivu. DRC’s presence in North Kivu is based on the on-going humanitarian crisis in the province, the civilian population’s urgent need for safety and stability, and DRC’s ability to address some of the most pressing needs in a relevant way. In 2016, DRC is implementing a child protection and education in emergency project in the territory of Beni in North Kivu. Activities under this project includes community support, training and capacity development and re-integration for children into the education system.
During 2016 DRC expects to expand its activities in North Kivu to cover more sectors and support even more people affected by the conflict.
Eastern DR Congo: A population forced to flee
In Eastern DR Congo there are over 40 active armed groups forcing people to flee because of rights’ violations and heavy fighting between the national army and other armed groups. Many of these newly displaced persons live in sites and with host families, creating a large strain on existing resources.
Estimates say that 5.4 million lives have been lost in the course of the last 16 years, either as a direct consequence of violence or indirectly as a consequence of the different conflicts.