After 50 years of dictatorship and a brief military junta that ended with the September 2009 crisis, the situation in Guinea stabilized with the 2010 inauguration of Alpha Condé as the first democratically elected president. He was elected for a second term in 2015, despite the results were disputed by the Opposition.
Since 1980, Guinea is a member of the Mano River Union (MRU), an intergovernmental institution that also includes Sierra Leone, Liberia and Côte d’Ivoire. The sub-regional organization seeks the integration of the economies of Member States and the coordination of development programs. It therefore represents a strong element of stabilization and DRC aims to both cooperate with and reinforce capacities of MRU agents.
Guinea faces both sub-regional and domestic challenges. Over a twenty-year period, conflicts in Sierra Leone, Liberia and Côte d’Ivoire have indeed resulted in large flows of refugees into Southern Guinea, aggravating political instability.
Furthermore, the Ebola outbreak that started in 2014 has had a significant impact on the country and communities living in the most affected areas were severely impacted in terms of access to basic services, agricultural production and food security. The social consequences of the spread of the EHF are also important: tensions between communities have been exacerbated, each ethnic/social group accusing the other of having brought the disease, and Ebola survivors suffer from strong stigmatization.
In Guinea, the operational context is also characterised by the active involvement of armed forces in the political debate, and by an extremely limited access to justice and public services in remote areas of the country. Sexual abuses and exploitations remain prevalent, and FGM is widely practiced.
Snapshot of main DRC activities
- Establishing and facilitating peace committees, providing training on human rights and conflict resolution.
- Early recovery process with local population and conflict prevention.
- Improving food security and livelihoods.
- Construction and improvement of small-scale infrastructures
- Integrated response to the Ebola epidemic
When, where and how many
- DRC has been present in Guinea since 2008.
- DRC target area in Guinea is Guinée Forestière.
- DRC targets 31 communities in Guinea.