Niger

 
 

 

Background

The humanitarian situation in Niger is complex and results from a combination of structural and cyclical factors. The country and its population are subject to chronic food insecurity and high malnutrition rates, but also to natural disasters such as flooding and droughts as well as various epidemics including cholera, measles and meningitis. In addition, Niger faces the consequences of two major humanitarian crises linked to armed conflicts in two of its neighbouring countries: in the Tillabéry region bordering Northern-Mali and in the Diffa region bordering North-Eastern Nigeria.

The conflict in Northern Mali started in 2012 and has generated massive flows of refugees to Niger, particularly to three refugee camps: Tabarey-Barey, Mangaizé and Ayorou in the Tillabéry region. Today, the population of Malian refugees is estimated at 57,405 people, of which 35,522 are located in the Tillabéry region. In March 2017, the Nigerien Government declared a state of emergency in various communes of the Tillabéry and Tahoua regions due to the insecurity resulting from the conflict, further hindering the resilience of refugees and host populations.

In the Diffa region, the humanitarian situation is also of much concern. Due to the continuous presence and exactions of Boko Haram in the Lake Chad basin since 2013 and especially since the first attacks on the Nigerien soil in Diffa and Bosso in February 2015, mass displacements became widespread. Influxes of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) added to the already displaced Nigerian refugees and Nigerien returnees, put higher pressure on host communities. The resilience of these populations, already weakened by structural vulnerabilities and limited access to basic services before the crisis began, has been worsened by these massive displacements and by the state of emergency in place since February 2015.This volatile context continues to weaken these populations’ resilience.

These crises create additional needs for humanitarian assistance, particularly shelters and non-food items, education and protection. The Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) estimates that the number of people requiring some form of humanitarian assistance in Niger will increase from 1,9 million in 2017 to 2,2 million in 2018 (Humanitarian Bulletin July-September 2017).

DRC/DDG INTERVENTIONS IN NIGER

Diffa

  • Rapid Response Mechanism (RRM): DRC/DDG provides emergency assistance to populations displaced because of the armed conflict, through in-kind distributions of shelters, Non-Food Items (NFI) and through Individual Protection Assistance (IPA), within the first 13 days of their displacement.
  • Non-RRM assistance: DRC/DDG also assists vulnerable populations that have been displaced for over 3 months or who have previously received assistance, through the provision of NFI and both emergency and transitional shelters.
  • Food security and nutrition: DRC/DDG conducts in-kind distributions of food for over 30,000 vulnerable people in the N’Guigmi commune and conducts malnutrition screening for babies aged 6-23 months.

Diffa/ Tillabéry

  • Protection monitoring, assistance and information-sharing with partners: Vulnerable individuals that have faced protection issues are identified and receive Individual Protection Assistance (IPA) and/or are referred to partners to receive specialised assistance. Reports on protection risks identified are then published periodically and shared with partners.

Tillabéry

  • Income Generating Activities (IGA): DRC/DDG supports women and at-risk youth associations with the provision of agricultural tools and inputs (seed, fertilizer) and trains them on farming and pastoral techniques to make the production systems more resilient to climate change. DRC/DDG also supports Village Savings and Loans Associations (VSLA) so that communities are provided with resources to invest in economic activities.
  • Border Security Management (BSM): Since 2014, DRC/DDG has been implementing a BSM Programme in Liptako-Gourma, a border region encompassing parts of Mali, Burkina Faso and Niger. Activities aim to build trust and promote dialogue and information exchange between communities, authorities, and security forces across borders. DRC/DDG also strengthens the capacities of the border authorities through training and the provision of equipment and infrastructures. Communities are also trained on conflict management and risks related to arms and explosive devices.

Read more about the BSM programme

Mixed Migration research

Niger is a transit country which faces significant mixed migration flows. During their journeys, migrants and refugees face a number of vulnerabilities and protection risks which are documented by the Mixed Migration Mechanism Monitoring Initiative (4Mi), in Mali and in Niger.

See research and publications about Mixed Migration

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