Niger

 
 

Background          

Niger faces chronic food and nutrition crises, wide-spread poverty, armed violence and important human rights issues. The country is also currently affected by crises in Northern Mali and in Nigeria.

The conflict in Mali gravitates around the question of the status of Northern Mali and is fuelled by the proliferation of competing armed groups. It generates population movements across the Sahel sub-region. As of 31st March 2016, 60,262 Malian refugees were hosted in Niger according to UNHCR.

In the Lake Chad sub-region, armed violence and human suffering are spreading across Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad and Niger. The Boko Haram insurgency and consequent military action has led to both large-scale internal displacement and cross-border mass displacement.

In Niger, the Diffa region hosts 138,321 Nigerian refugees according to UNHCR and is affected by large-scale movements of displaced persons. This situation undermines social cohesion, resilience and socioeconomic development of host communities and intensifies the pressure on natural resources, exposing the already fragile communities to serious protection risks.

Snapshot of main activities

  • Emergency assistance to IDPs in informal sites and host communities through the provision of emergency Non Food Items.
  • Protection monitoring
  • Food security
  • Protection coordination with actors at state and national level and advocacy activities to strengthen practice changes that affect the lives of IDPs, returnees and other affected people

When, where and how many?

  • DRC has started its operations in Niger through a need assessment carried out by an exploratory mission in 2015 and has started its activities in 2016.
  • DRC operations are initially focused on the Diffa region
  • DRC targets directly 7,450 individuals in South-Eastern Niger