DRC began its operations in Djibouti in April 2015 in order to respond to the growing refugee needs in the country as well as to the mixed migration flows from the Horn of Africa – particularly from Ethiopia and Somalia. Over the years, Djibouti has been an important transit country for migration with most migrants crossing its territory en route to Yemen and then Saudi Arabia or the Gulf states. Djibouti has one of the highest per capita rates of refugees in the world. More than 100,000 migrants are estimated to transit through Djibouti every year, representing more than 10% of the tiny country’s population.
DRC is present the three refugee camps existing in Djibouti: Ali-Addeh and Holl-Holl in southern Djibouti hosting primarily Somali and Ethiopian refugees, and Markazi camp hosting Yemeni refugees to the north. DRC was among the first organizations to respond to the Yemeni refugee influx providing immediate humanitarian assistance and protection support to new arrivals in Djibouti affected by the conflict in Yemen. DRC provided support, especially for the most vulnerable refugees including children from Yemen arriving in Djibouti and assigned to Markazi camp in Obock. DRC has been a leading protection partner together with UNHCR and ONARS (the Government Agency for Refugees) in response to the influx of Yemeni refugees to Djibouti.
DRC’s programme activities include:
- Protection, including general protection monitoring to identify people at risk and vulnerable households; Individual Protection Assistance (IPA) according to identified needs in Markazi camp for Yemeni refugees and Gender Based Violence (GBV) projects in collaboration with UNFD (Union Nationale des Femmes Djiboutiennes) in all the three camps (Ali Addeh, Holl-Holl and Markazi camps).
- Capacity building in Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) for ONARS, the National Refugee Agency.
- Livelihoods and cash transfer projects, including farming activities (provision of seeds, tools, agricultural training and other initiatives to increase food production and decrease food insecurity amongst vulnerable households in the camps) and Unrestricted cash transfers for micro-businesses to strengthen people’s capacities and income-generating opportunities.
- Mixed migration: DRC implements a range of protection activities to respond to the flows of mixed migrants from neighbouring countries, including capacity building, case management, protection monitoring and advocacy.
DRC also contributes to the promotion of durable and transitional solutions for refugees in Djibouti. DRC intends to solidify its presence in three key geographical regions; Djibouti Ville, Obock region (including Markazi Camp), and Ali Sabieh region (including both Ali Addeh and Holl-Holl camps) and in the host community.
Partners and Donors include:
- Office National d’Assistance aux Réfugiés et Sinistrés (ONARS)
- United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
- Danish International Development Agency (DANIDA)
- The European Commission's Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid (ECHO)
- The European Union (EuropeAid)
- Agence Française d’Expertise Technique Internationale (Expertise France)
- Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO)
- United Nations Children Emergency Fund (UNICEF)
- Embassy of the United States of America
- International Organization for Migrations (IOM)