Libya

 
 

Danish Refugee Council (DRC) has been present in Libya since 2011 with both DRC and its demining wing the Danish Demining Group (DDG). The main office for DRC-DDG Libya and Tunisia is in Tunis with additional offices in Sabha, and Tripoli and Zarzis in Tunisia. The integrated two-country presence has been instrumental in establishing cross-country analysis and coordination and supported the continuation of DRC operations in times of heightened security and subsequent evacuations

Country context
Negotiations continue to drag in an everlasting process to establish peace and create a national unity government in Libya. As the sturdy negotiations for peace linger since January 2015, the humanitarian crisis in Libya only widens. The stagnant political situation and collapsing state authority to expand control over the Libyan territories has led to increased levels of crime, disconnect of Southern parts of the country out of humanitarian and governmental reach, increased fear over the rise of extremism and evidence on the presence of hardliners from the Islamic State (IS) operating inside Libya. Fighting and destruction in the eastern parts is overwhelming.

UNHCR estimates that the number of persons of concern (PoC) has risen to 455,671, including 418, 803 IDPs, 27, 964 Refugees, 8, 904 asylum (UNHCR operational update, Libya, June 2015).

Mixed migrants are cited amongst the most vulnerable groups in Libya with global outcries and light shed over their grim situation over the last few months as a result of the mass exodus and mounting death toll in the Mediterranean. The full-swing hostilities in Libya have surged the figures of “boat migrants” and documented deaths to alarming unprecedented levels. The International Organisation for Migration (IOM) estimates that more than 1,770 persons have perished up till April 2015 while crossing the sea. An estimated 62,500 have made the trip. Approximately 82% of all who make the journey depart from Libya.

The ongoing conflict, proliferation of small arms, presence of Explosive Remnants of War (ERW) and contamination from historical landmines and weaponry continue to put communities, including men, women and children, at risk across Libya. The deteriorating security and political situation reinforces the risks and impedes recovery, and poses threats to neighboring countries and the region.

Civilians pay a high toll for the ongoing instability. Armed confrontation between rival militias in and around Tripoli and areas of the South led to displacement and sizable ERW contamination. Fighting has also led to a reduction of important public services including health, education, water and electricity.

DRC/ DDG programme in Libya has the following priorities:

  1. Emergency: To provide emergency assistance to conflict and displacement affected individuals and communities in Libya
  2. Protracted Displacement: To strengthen social integration and overall capacities of conflict affected and displaced population and local stakeholders including targeting of existing protection gaps
  3. Resilience and stabilization: To create a safe environment for the people of Libya to live without the threat of landmines, explosive remnants of war and small arms light weapons, and  in the absence of durable solutions contribute to the safeguard, restoration and development of self-reliance capacities among displaced people and vulnerable host communities.   

The programme focuses on following activities:

  • Protection monitoring
  • NFI distributions
  • Technical and organizational development of local partners and stakeholders
  • Explosive remnants of war (ERW) Risk Education, Non Technical Surveys (NTS), Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD)
  • Community safety planning

Partners and Donors: